RFR: Effects on Wildlife

The following links refer to several articles of recent research into the deleterious effects of environmental levels of RFR/EMR upon wildlife biosystems, as a result of the proliferation of mobile communication phone masts and cell-towers across urban and rural spaces. Of particular concern are the observed effects on avian and honeybee populations. The selection is in no way exhaustive.

Balmori, A., Electromagnetic pollution from phone masts. Effects on wildlife, Pathophysiology 16, 2009, pp.191-199: http://somr.info/rfr/lib/Balmori_2009.pdf

Beason, R.C. and Semm P., Responses of neurons to an amplitude modulated microwave stimulus, Neuroscience Letters, 333: 175-178, 2002: http://somr.info/rfr/lib/Beason_Semm_2002.pdf

Cane, J. H. and Tepedino, V.J., Causes and extent of declines among native North American invertebrate pollinators: detection, evidence, and consequences, Conservation Ecology 5(1):1, 2001: http://www.consecol.org/vol5/iss1/art1/

Kimmel, S.; Kuhn, J.; Harst, W.; Stever, H., Electromagnetic Radiation: Influences on Honeybees, Institute for Environmental Sciences, University of Koblenz-Landau/Campus Landau, Germany, 2007: http://somr.info/rfr/lib/Kimmel_etal_2007.pdf

Favre, D., Mobile phone-induced honeybee worker piping, Laboratory of Cellular Biotechnology (LBTC), Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (EPFL), Lausanne, Switzerland, 2011: http://somr.info/rfr/lib/Favre_2011.pdf

Mouritsen, H. and Ritz, T., Magnetoreception and its use in bird navigation, Current Opinion in Neurobiology, 15(4): 406-414, 2005: http://somr.info/rfr/lib/Mouritsen_Ritz_2005.pdf

MOEF, Report on possible impacts of communication towers on wildlife, including birds and bees, Government of India, 2010: http://www.indiaenvironmentportal.org.in/files/file/final_mobile_towers_report.pdf

Rubin, E.; Shemesh, Y.; Cohen, M.; Elgavish, S.; Robertson, H.; Bloch, G., Molecular and phylogenetic analyses reveal mammalian-like clockwork in the honey bee (Apis mellifera) and shed new light on the molecular evolution of the circadian clock, Genome Research, Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press, 2006: http://somr.info/rfr/lib/Rubin_etal_2006.pdf

Sharma, V.P. and Kumar, N.R., Changes in honeybee behaviour and biology under the influence of cellphone radiations, Current Science, v.98, no.10, 25 May 2010: http://somr.info/rfr/lib/Sharma_Kumar_2010.pdf

Sivani, S. and Sudarsanam, D., Impacts of radio-frequency electromagnetic field (RF-EMF) from cell phone towers and wireless devices on biosystem and ecosystem – a review, Biology and Medicine, v.4(4), pp.202-216, 2012: http://somr.info/rfr/lib/Sivani_Sudarsanam_2012.pdf

US Fish & Wildlife Service, Public Press release on briefing paper on the need for research into the cumulative impacts of communication towers on migratory birds and other wildlife in the United States, Division of Migratory Bird Management (DMBM), 2009: http://electromagnetichealth.org/pdf/CommTowerResearchNeedsPublicBriefing-2-409.pdf

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